Sambhaji Maharaja: Chhatrapati Shivaji was also a symbol of bravery and courage, like Sambhaji. Chhatrapati Sambhaji had mastered martial arts and diplomacy from his childhood spent on the battlefield with Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The result of this was that Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj fought the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb 120 times, in which Aurangzeb lost each battle. On 16th January, Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was crowned after the death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Sambhaji Mahara Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje was the son of Saibai, the second wife of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, on 14 May 1657 at Purandar Durg (Pune). Chatrapati Sambhaji’s mother died when he was two years old. He was raised by his grandmother Jijabai. The Sambhaji kings are said to have inherited bravery and prowess from Aji Jijabai.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj enthroned his son Rajaram following the death of his third wife Soyarabai in 1680. Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was imprisoned in Panhala at that time. After learning of Rajarama’s coronation, Chhatrapati Sambhaji killed the fort keeper of Panhala fort and captured it. On 18th June 1680, Chhatrapati Sambhaji captured Raigad fort. Rajaram, his wife Janaki and mother Soyarabai were arrested.
Maharashtra’s Raigad fort was the site of Chhatrapati Sambhaji’s coronation on 16th January 1681. As for Aurangzeb, he thought he could easily capture Raigad fort after the death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. When Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj came to power in Raigad, he defeated Aurangzeb when he attacked Raigad. After several defeats, Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj succeeded in taking Raigad.
Emperor Aurangzeb swore that he would not wear a feta until Chhatrapati Sambhaji was arrested. He was betrayed by his brother-in-law. His brother-in-law joined the Mughals.
Angry at Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaja, Aurangzeb’s cruelty and inhumanity crossed all limits as he took him into custody while they were on their way back to Raigad from Sangameshwar for some political work. His tongue was severed and his eyes rolled.
As the mutilated pieces of Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s body were thrown into the river of Tulapur, villagers living on the banks collected them, sewed them together, and cremated them in a complete manner.
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, founder of the Maratha Empire, followed in his father’s footsteps and maintained the chariot of Swarajya. Coronation of Sambhaji kings took place 16 January 1681. The same day is celebrated on a large scale today. On the occasion of the coronation day of Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, many dignitaries, including Nawab Malik and Dhananjay Munde, greeted the king.