The loss of life of a 11-year-old boy as a result of ‘bird-flu’, even earlier than the devastating results of the second Covid wave have waned, has alarmed the medical fraternity although they assert that human-to-human transmission of H5N1 virus is extraordinarily uncommon.

The occasion has additionally put the Rs 90,000 crore home poultry trade which was seeing some uptick in demand after months of low gross sales final yr right into a spot of trouble, as any curb on sale or manufacturing of eggs or hen may have a devastating influence on its revenues.

It is estimated that round 60 million individuals are immediately impacted by the poultry sector in India.

H5N1 virus, additionally generally referred to as chook flu, is understood to unfold from chickens however different birds corresponding to geese and crow are additionally carriers of the virus.

Not taking any possibilities, the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has alerted all its centres throughout the nation beneath the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme to search for suspected circumstances.

“We have done the surveillance and contact tracing and even visited the concerned village. We will issue a detailed report of our findings tomorrow,” Sujeet Kumar Singh, director, nationwide centre for illness management, instructed Business Standard.

An AIIMS supply had stated the 12-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital on July 2 with pneumonia and leukemia. He died on July 12.

“His samples tested negative for Covid-19. It came out positive for influenza but was non-typable. It was sent to National Institute of Virology, Pune, where they confirmed it to be positive for H5N1 avian influenza,” information company PTI reported quoting an unnamed supply.

As a precautionary measure, all of the employees at AIIMS who have been uncovered to the deceased have been requested to watch themselves for any signs of flu and report back to the authorities instantly as a precautionary measure.

Vikas Maurya, director and head of division -pulmonology, Fortis Hospital stated that human to human transmission of chook flu is just not quick and uncommon.

“But, exposure to infected birds (such as in the poultry industry) can cause this disease. It is a respiratory disease like influenza and if it is severe it can even cause death,” Maurya stated.

Experts really feel that the loss of life of the younger boy as a result of chook flu is extraordinarily uncommon as a result of until now there is no such thing as a conclusive proof of the flu additionally known as as avian influenza virus crossing over to the people, leading to an an infection, not to mention loss of life.

According to the WHO, virtually all circumstances of H5N1 an infection in folks have been related to shut contact with contaminated stay or lifeless birds, or H5N1-contaminated environments.

“The virus only transmits amongst birds and other animals. In light of the recent evidence, we will need nationwide surveillance and awareness about H5N1 in clinicians and residents alike. Until further conclusive evidence emerges through worldwide research, it’s advisable to exercise caution,” Dr Rahul Tambe, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Nanavati Max Super Specialty Hospital, Mumbai instructed Business Standard.

Dr Atul Bhasin, Director – Internal Medicine, BLK Super Specialty Hospital stated chook flu infections can happen after the unfold from contaminated birds shedding virus in saliva, mucous and faeces which get right into a human eyes, nostril or mouth, or is inhaled in breath by way of droplets or probably mud.

“Mild forms are often seen with conjunctivitis, fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches while severe disease can cause vomiting, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, and respiratory failure,” Bhasin stated.

One simple and time examined approach to battle chook flu is to cook dinner the meat at excessive temperatures.

The WHO says poultry and poultry merchandise will be ready and consumed as regular, with no worry of buying an infection with the avian flu virus, offered one follows good hygienic and cooking practices.

The virus is destroyed at a temperature of 70 levels Celsius for half-hour. After dealing with poultry and eggs, one ought to clear arms and different uncovered elements, it stated.

“We have not received any information from any of the poultry farms across the country or even backyard poultry of sudden death of birds and if the disease strikes there are set protocols of culling and compensation to the farmers,” Rickey Thaper, Treasurer of Poultry Federation of India stated.

He stated the alarm couldn’t have come at a worst time as eggs and hen costs are virtually 20-30 per cent increased than final yr whereas demand is anticipated to be strong as each the objects are being consumed as immunity boosters in Covid instances.

India final noticed a widespread influence of chook flu in January this yr when some states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Chhattisgarh culled poultry birds after the illness was reported.

The IDSP state surveillance unit of Haryana has initiated an epidemiological investigation into the primary documented human case of Bird Flu. The well being ministry stated that the shut contacts of the affected person have been beneath surveillance for any signs. There have been no symptomatic people within the space at current.

The Animal Husbandry Department has not discovered any suspected circumstances of chook flu within the space and has enhanced surveillance in a ten km zone as a precautionary measure. “Epidemiological investigation by NCDC, involving animal husbandry department and State government surveillance unit, is underway and appropriate public health measures have been instituted,” the well being ministry stated.

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