The cabinet meeting chaired by Prime minister Narendra Modi approved the new education policy of the 21st century. This is extremely important as there was no change in education policy for 34 years. The cabinet of Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal revealed their special features after the education policy was approved. On this occasion, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said that the countrymen will welcome it.
Modi government of the Center has approved the new education policy. Under the new education policy, the format of 10 + 2 has been completely abolished, understand this.
Now it is divided into 10 + 2 and 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 format. This means that now the first five years of school will include three years of pre-primary school and foundation stage including class 1 and class 2. Then the next three years will be divided into the preparation phase of classes 3 to 5.
After this, three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8) and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Apart from this, there will be no strict adherence to arts, commerce, science stream in schools, students can take whatever courses they want now.
Education Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Ninshak said that the world’s largest consultation process was adopted to formulate the National Education Policy 2020. He said that I wish the country more than 1000 universities, more than 1 crore teachers and 33 crore students.
Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ had earlier said that the new education policy will address many issues in the education sector. He also said that the new policy will make it easier for the youth to pursue higher education. The National Education Policy was adopted in 1986 and was last revised in 1992. These are the main points of the draft in the new education policy.
E-courses will be developed in regional languages.
There will be only one regulator for higher education in the country, it will have different verticals for approval and finance. Let us tell you That regulator will work on an ‘online self-disclosure based transparent system’.
In the multiple entries and exit system, the certificate will be given after the first year, diploma after the second year and degree after three-four years.
The biggest feature of this policy is that school education, higher education as well as vocational education like agricultural education, legal education, medical education and technical education have been brought under its purview.
Let we tell you Now all subjects like arts, music, crafts, sports, yoga, community service will also be included in the curriculum.
As per the information, The Commission has recommended to include teacher training and all education programs at the level of universities or colleges for comprehensive improvement in the training of teachers.
Changing the education system, access to high quality and comprehensive education has been ensured.
4 year degree program then M.A. And then one can do Ph.D. directly without M.Phil.
The government has set a target to put 6% of GDP in education, which is currently 4.43%. The education sector will be increased by increasing it.
At primary level, importance has been given to the inclusion of multilingualism in education and availability of language teachers who understand the home language of children. This problem is seen in various states at the national level. Mother language should be used as a medium of instruction as far as possible from the first to the fifth. Where home and school languages are different, the use of two languages has been suggested.
The emphasis on working on language and mathematics in the first and second grades is in the draft new education policy. Along with this, attention has also been given to work on writing skills with children of fourth and fifth grade. Talk of organizing language week, maths week, and language fair and math fair have also been written in this format.
It envisages bringing the libraries alive and focusing on carrying out the activities. It talks about telling the story, theater, reading in groups, writing and displaying the pictures and written material of children.
It has been suggested to provide an emotionally safe environment for girls to continue their education. The proposal to expand Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya up to 12th has been made in the draft new education policy-2019.
It has been suggested to include Remedial teaching in the mainstream. A 10-year project has been proposed under this. It is said that the participation of local women and volunteers is sought.
There is also talk of encouraging the use of technology for the support of teachers in the draft new education policy-2019. For this, it has been said to make learning interesting by using various apps through computers, laptops and phones etc. The U.S. We are bringing NRF (National Research Foundation) on the lines of NSF (National Science Foundation). Let us tell you This will include not only science but also a social science. It will finance large projects. This will help us to come forward in research along with education.
The curriculum will be prepared by NCERT for Early Childhood Care and Education. It will be developed for 3 to 6-year-olds. A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy for Basic Education (for 6 to 9 years) will be started.
Preparation will be done on the basis of the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design framework. This includes the last 4 years 9th to 12th.
New skills (eg coding) will be introduced. Extracurricular activities will be included in the main curriculum.
Special provision has been made for Gifted Children and Girl Child. Vocational will be added from class 6 onwards.
A new National Curriculum Framework will be created to which ECE, schools, teachers and adult education will be linked. The board exam will be divided into sections.
Life skills will be added to children’s report cards. Through which life skills will also be developed in children. At present, there was no such provision in the report card.
Education will be ensured for every child on the year 2030. After the exit of school education, every child will have at least life skills. Which will enable him to start work in the field.
In the new National EducationPolicy 2020, the Common Entrance Exam will be offered by the National Examination Agency for admission to higher education institutions. It will not be mandatory for the institute.
It has been recommended to include Indian knowledge systems in the curriculum, the formation of the ‘National Education Commission’ and to prevent private schools from arbitrarily increasing fees.