In This Segment

What is diabetes?

What are the different types of diabetes?

How general is diabetes?

Who is more probable to develop diabetes Type 1 and diabetes type 2?

Health problems due to diabetes?

Diabetes diet, eating, and physical activity?

Diabetes

As We Know That Blood Glucose Is Called Blood Sugar.

Diabetes is a condition when blood sugar is too high. Sometimes people call diabetes a touch of sugar or borderline diabetes. These terms that Someone doesn’t really have diabetes or has fewer chances of diabetes. But remember every case of the diabetes is serious.

Sugar is the major that the body makes from the body in the diet. Glucose is taken through the bloodstream which provides energy to all cells in the body. The most important thing which is without the help of insulin Cells cannot use glucose. Glucose is also called as simple sugar or monosaccharides. The body produces fat protein from it and carbohydrates. Glucose is also known as dextrose. When we are getting an Increase amount of glucose rapidly It means Ingested glucose absorbed directly into the blood from the intestine.

Blood Glucose Is The Main Source Of Energy.

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose from the food get into your body cells to be used for energy. Sometimes it happens that the body doesn’t build up enough Insulin or any Insulin And does not use insulin well. In that situation, Glucose then stays in your blood and unable to reach your body cells.

There is some advantage or disadvantage of glucose which is that having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Diabetes has no treatment so we can take forward steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.

In America over 110 million people with or at the risk of diabetes disease

Different Types Of Diabetes 

The major types of diabetes is type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes –

Type 1 Diabetes 

Type 1 Diabetes considered to be an Autoimmune disease. An autoimmune condition is a condition in which our immune system erroneously attacks our body like joints or skin, as foreign. It releases proteins called antibodies that attack healthy cells.

Some autoimmune diseases attack only one organ. Type 1 Diabetes damages the pancreas And the other diseases Systemic lupus erythematosus affects the entire body.

Another hormone glucagon works with insulin to control blood glucose levels.

In Type 1 Diabetes Immune system the body normally fights with infection, attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that construct the insulin. In the result, the pancreas stops making insulin and we know that without the insulin Glucose cannot enter in the body cells Blood glucose rises above normal. Type 1 Diabetes patients need to take insulin every day to stay alive.

Type 2 Diabetes 

Type 2 diabetes is most common in people. Type 2 diabetes is a disease that happens when the blood glucose level is too high. High blood pressure patients having more chances to develop type 2 diabetes.

Various factors affected type 2 diabetes Overweight, obesity, insulin resistance, genes.

Gestational Diabetes 

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that normally occurs during the pregnancy. Both mother and baby can be affected by gestational diabetes. Sometimes gestational diabetes can be finished after the delivery or after the baby’s born. Notwithstanding if you have had gestational diabetes before you have more chances of producing diabetes type 2 after in life.

Sometimes during pregnancy patients are diagnosed with actually type 2 diabetes. 

Less common types of diabetes which is Monogenic diabetes and cystic fibrosis Related diabetes.

How General Is Diabetes?

It is nominal that 4.5 million people are living with diabetes in the world which is 46% Of people with diabetes are undiagnosed.According to the calculation, these numbers are expected to rise to 642 million people diagnosed with diabetes by 2040.

China, India and the United States tops the list of 40 most cases of diabetes per country.

Who is more probable to develop diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2?

As per the data if you are age 45 or you are older or have a family history of Diabetes or are overweight, having physical inactivity, race, and some other problems For example high blood sugar.High blood sugar increases the chances of diabetes and affecting your body too.

High blood sugar has chances to develop prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you are pregnant.

Following are the diseases which are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes:-

  • HDL which is called as high density lipoprotein
  • Having a history of heart disease or stroke 
  • Depression
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Physically inactive

Health problems due to diabetes? 

There are given some disease due to the high blood pressure such as

  • Eye problem
  • Dental disease 
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot problem 
  • Kidney Disease
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetic neuropathy 
  • Sleep apnea
  • Dementia 

Diabetes Diet, Eating, And Physical Activity?

When you have diabetes there are two important parts of a healthy lifestyle Nutritional and physical activity.If we follow a healthy meal plan and being proactive Can help us Keep our blood glucose level normal and in the target range.

You need to balance what you eat and drink while you do physical activity. you need to know what medicines you are taking daily or monthly or yearly. 

Prepare the chart according to your diet and activity. What you are choosing to eat and how much you eat. The most important thing is what are your food items which are reliable and maintain your Glucose level.

There Is Some Food List:

Vegetables

Broccoli, green veg, Peppers, tomatoes Potato and green peas, Corns.

Fruits         

Oranges, melon, berries, apples, bananas, grapes

Grains       

Whole grain Should be needed for full-day, Wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal

Protein     

Chicken, fish, eggs, Nuts and peanuts, Meat substitute, Dried beans 

Dairy products

Milk, yogurt, cheese

Heart-healthy Fats Food Always Be Useful  Which Are These

  • Oils that are liquid at room temperature such as olive oil
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Heart-healthy fish Such as Salman, tuna
  • Avocado 

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